This of course is a little bit long and hard to read. For specific information there are often simple commands. To know which user you are logged in as you can type:
bash$ whoami bob
That is nice, but what machine am I logged into?
bash$ hostname bob.bobnet.com
Well, what about my processor and other things like that? You can see a lot of information in your /proc/ directory. /proc/ is not a normal directory and is sometimes very strange. Files are constantly updated there. This is really, in a way, a shell interface with the kernel. Let's look at some statistics listed inside of the /proc/cpuinfo file:
bash$ cat /proc/cpuinfo processor : 0 vendor_id : GenuineIntel cpu family : 6 model : 8 model name : Pentium III (Coppermine) stepping : 1 cpu MHz : 598.632 cache size : 256 KB fdiv_bug : no hlt_bug : no f00f_bug : no coma_bug : no fpu : yes fpu_exception : yes cpuid level : 2 wp : yes flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 mmx fxsr sse bogomips : 1196.03
This tells you a lot of information about the first processor named processor 0. If you had a second processor it would be marked as processor 1 and would have all of the same information. You can also look at your memory information by typing:
bash$ cat /proc/meminfo
Information in /proc/meminfo is about as long as the cpuinfo file and it lists information that may seem a little bit more complex. With this information you can know a lot about your hardware and how it is being used.
You can also know about the file partitions and the space that they are using with the df command:
bash$ df Filesystem 1k-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/hda5 38978244 5017232 31981004 14% / /dev/hda1 46636 3858 40370 9% /boot /dev/hda2 5036316 87012 4693472 2% /var /dev/fd0 1423 1405 18 99% /mnt/floppy
This information is useful when you are wondering how much of the system you have used and how much harddisk is left.